Grain & Barley

While they’re not the sexiest of crops (unless they’re used for making whisky), grains make up a good part of our daily diet. They’re in breads, cereals, pastas, sweets, drinks - a lot of stuff. Here, we grow a variety of Grain and Barley crops that perform different functions. Some are harvested and sold to make foods, while others are sown as an organic fertilizer and shield our soil from erosion.

Types of grain

Barley

We grow malt variety Barley - a variety that can be used as a malt to make beer and whisky, among other things. The trick to growing this variety is to get the moisture content just right. If it doesn’t have the right moisture content, it can’t be used as a malt.

Oats

For oats, we grow mostly Quaker varieties. These are oats that Quaker, the world’s largest cereal mill, will use for their cereals. As with the Barley, the moisture content and color of the oats have to match specifications made by Quaker to be accepted.

Winter Rye & Winter Wheat

After the Barley and Oat crop is harvested in the fall, we’ll plant a Winter Rye or Winter Wheat crop. This protects the ground over the winter months from becoming completely barren under the harsh conditions. The harvest in the spring is used for future sowing or sold as feed.

Other types

Lentil Rye

We plant Lentil Rye underneath the Barley and Oat crops, to maintain the rich soil throughout the changing seasons. Lentil Rye is a short grass variety that remains low to the ground to give the soil nutrients and protection from erosion.

Annual Rye

Our Annual Rye crop is what is called a “green cover” crop, which means it isn’t harvested for any purpose. Instead, the green cover holds the ground and is ploughed at the right time.